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User permissions and two-factor authentication are an essential component of a secure security infrastructure. The ability to manage permissions for users is an essential element in reducing the likelihood that malicious or accidental insider activities can occur, minimizing the impact of data breaches and ensuring regulatory compliance.

1. Reduce the threat of insider threats

The principle of least privilege is a typical method of limiting access to users. This implies that users should be granted only the rights they require to perform their duties. This can reduce the impact of any unauthorized action that is performed by employees or third-party vendors.

2. Reduce the risk of a Data Breach

Many industries are subject to strict regulations that require the most robust data protection practices. The management of user permissions allows organizations to ensure compliance by ensuring only authorized individuals have access to sensitive information.

3. Reduce the risk of third-party vendor involvement

Many data breaches are the result of compromised credentials owned by third-party vendors. Reviewing and updating regularly the permissions of users could lower the risk that external vendors will gain access to your data.

4. Allow flexibility for Privilege Escalation

Role-based access control (RBAC) is a well-known method of managing user permissions that grants access rights based on predefined roles. The roles can be combined to permit fine-grained control of access. For instance that a senior physician might be granted more privileges than a junior doctor in regards to accessing patient information. RBAC can also be configured to require a two-factor authentication (2FA) even for specific roles, to decrease the chance of unauthorised entry even if a password has been compromised.