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Different energy sources refer to the numerous ways we capture and use energy. They include renewable and non-renewable sources of energy. The type of energy source we choose depends on a myriad of factors that include how it impacts the environment, and how accessible and affordable it is.

In 2018, fossil fuels accounted for 81 percent of the energy that was produced in the world. But these nonrenewable sources of energy could cause harm to the environment in a variety ways: For example, oil drilling wreaks havoc on wildlife and communities; fracking produces water pollution; and coal power plants emit carbon dioxide.

Renewable energy, also called green or clean energy, is derived from naturally occurring and constantly replenishing resources such as sunlight as well as wind and water. It’s a great way to decrease our dependence on fossil fuels and help the planet.

But renewable energy isn’t only about conserving the environment, it’s also about being reliable efficient, cost-effective, and efficient. This is why renewable energy is becoming increasingly popular as a method to power our homes, businesses, and vehicles.

The most popular renewable energy sources are solar, wind hydropower, nuclear. Solar energy uses technology to convert sunlight into heat and electricity. Wind energy captures the kinetic energy of moving air to generate electricity and is used in many places across the globe. Hydropower harnesses the force swiftly moving water to generate electricity. Nuclear energy makes use of the process of atomic fission to make electricity.